Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2020, Page: 293-303
Evaluation of the Adoption of Improved Agricultural Practices and Factors That Affect Adoption of Tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc) Trotter) in Ethiopia
Yazachew Genet, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Centre, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
Tadele Feyso, Digital Green Foundations in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Sep. 25, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 16, 2020;       Published: Nov. 23, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijae.20200506.18      View  118      Downloads  46
Abstract
The average grain yield is low (at 1.75tha-1). Therefore, this study aimed to analyse the adoption of improved tef practices impacting yield and factors affecting the adoption of the improved agricultural practice in four regions of Ethiopia. Household surveys and crop cut surveys were used. Four districts, 101 each in Amhara, SNNP, Tigray, and 100 farmers in Oromia regions of Ethiopia were assessed in the study. Therefore, a total of 403 respondent farmers, were used. Data were analysed using SSPS. Among the seven improved agricultural practices assessed, fertilizer application, variety selection, and use, land preparation, and herbicide application showed higher adoption among the farmers. The correlation analysis results revealed that yield is positively and significantly correlated with land preparation (r=0.492), row planting (r=0.351) hand weeding (0.306), fertilizer application (r=0.143). This implies that the adoptions of these improved practices were contributing to yield increment. The result clearly indicated that the adoption of improved practices was influenced by a composite of demographic, socio-economic, and institutional factors. The partial budget analysis was employed using previous variable cost data collected in the Ada district by Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Centre. The result revealed that the highest increased income showed in Lume districts (positive net change in benefits) 37,431.2 birr ha-1 followed by Siyadebirenawayu districts which were 31,131.73 birr ha-1. However, the increased income in Lemo and Lalye Maychew were minima l9513.34 birr ha-1 and 11,469.95 birrs ha-1 respectively. The benefit-cost ratio for Lume and Siyadebir enawayu districts were 3.9 and 3.3, respectively. However, the benefit-cost ratio for Lemo and Lalye Maychew were 1.7 and 1.9, respectively. The variables significantly affect the adoption of tef improved practices by farmers were age, education level, family size, farm size, extension service provision. To solve problems of inadequate use of improved practices, Development Agents and Agricultural experts should provide farmers with more practical pieces of training under farmers’ direct participation in the demonstration centres. In order to attain food security, the nation policymakers should devise more effective farmers’ training mechanisms and provide more applicable tef production mechanizations effective on the process of tef production.
Keywords
Improved Agricultural Practice, Tef, Adoption
To cite this article
Yazachew Genet, Tadele Feyso, Evaluation of the Adoption of Improved Agricultural Practices and Factors That Affect Adoption of Tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc) Trotter) in Ethiopia, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2020, pp. 293-303. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20200506.18
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Admassu, T., Workneh, N., & Sisay, A. (2015). Does Farmer Field School Training Improve Technical Efficiency? Evidence from Smallholder Maize Farmers in Oromia, Ethiopia. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development.
[2]
Berhanu Gebremedhin, Fernandez-Rivera S, Mohammed Hassena, Mwangi W and Seid Ahmed. 2007. Maize and livestock: Their inter-linked roles in meeting human needs in Ethiopia (SNNPR, Oromiya and Amhara Regions) Research Report 6. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), Nairobi, Kenya. 103 pp.
[3]
Binod Kafle. (2010). Determinants of Adoption of Improved Maize Varieties in Developing Countries: A Review. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, Vol., 1 (1), 1-7.
[4]
Chilot Yirga and Dawit Alemu. (2016). Adoption of Crop Technologies among Smallholder Farmers in Ethiopia: Implications for Research and Development. EIAR 50th Year Jubilee Anniversary Special Issue: 1-16.
[5]
CSA (Central Statistics Agency), (2018). Agricultural Sample Survey: Area Planed and Production of Major Crops. Meher Season. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[6]
Devereux, S., & Guenther, B. (2007). Social Protection and Support to Small Farmer Development in Ethiopia.
[7]
Doss, C., Mwangi, W., Verkuijl, H., & Groote, H. (2003). Adoption of Maize and Wheat Technologies in Eastern Africa: A Synthesis of the Findings of 22 Case Studies. Mexico: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre.
[8]
Feder, L., R. E., Just and O., Zilberman,. (1985). Adoption of Agricultural Innovation in Developing Countries: A survey.
[9]
Frank, P., & Brent, S. (2000). Assesing the Relationships between Property Right and Technology Adoptipn in Smallholder Agriculture: A Review of Issues and Empirical Methods. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute.
[10]
Getachew Legese, M. Jaleta, A. Langyintuo, W. Mwangi and R. La Rovere. 2010. Characterization of maize producing households in Adami Tulu - Gido Kombolcha and Adama districts in Ethiopia. Country Report, Ethiopia. Nairobi: CIMMYT.
[11]
Kebebew Assefa, Yu J, K., Zeid, M., Getachew Belay, Hailu Tefera and Sorrells, M. E. (2011).
[12]
Mesfin, H., Tesfaye, A., Lemlem, A., & Eyob, M. (2004). Market access versus productivity: the case of Tef. Paper prepared for the Ethiopian Economic Association, Conference on Ethiopian Economy, Addis Ababa.
[13]
Motuma Tura, Dejene Aredo, Wondwossen Tsegaye, Roberto La Rovere, Girma Tesfahun, Wilfred Mwangi and Germano Mwabu. 2010. Adoption and continued use of improved maize seeds: Case study of Central Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 5 (17), pp. 2350-2358.
[14]
Provost C and Jobson E. 2014. Move over quinoa, Ethiopia's teff poised to be next big super grain. The Guardian, January 23, 2014.
[15]
Shiferaw Feleke and Tesfaye Zegeye. 2006. Adoption of improved maize varieties in Southern Ethiopia: Factors and strategy options. Food Policy, 31 (2006) 442–457.
[16]
Spaenij-Dekking, L., Kooy-Winkelaar, Y., Koning, F., 2005, ‘The Ethiopian cereal tef in celiac disease’, New England Journal of Medicine 353 (16), 1748–1750.
[17]
Setotaw Ferede. 2013. Technological Change & Economic Viability in Tef Production. Pp 255–273. In: Kebebew Assefa, Solomon Chanyalew and Zerihun Tadele (eds). 2013. Achievements and Prospects of Tef Improvement; Proceedings of the Second International Workshop, November.
Browse journals by subject