Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2019, Page: 267-274
Comparative Analysis of Improved Maize (Zea mays L.) Seeds Adoption on Smallholder Farmers’ Performance in Fako Division, South West Region, Cameroon
Fon Dorothy Engwali, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, West Region Cameroon
Lema Yvette Dinga, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, West Region Cameroon
Asafor Henry Chotangui, Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, West Region Cameroon
Received: Oct. 15, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 7, 2019;       Published: Nov. 15, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijae.20190406.13      View  353      Downloads  100
This paper describes the socio-economic characteristics of smallholder adopters and non-adopters of improved maize seeds; compares the physical productivity (yield) level of improved maize seed adopters’ and non-adopters’; determines the differences in cost, revenue and gross margin between smallholder adopters and non-adopters of improved maize seeds in Fako division. To achieve these objectives, data were collected from 150 adopters and 150 non-adopters of improved maize seeds and analyzed with the use of descriptive and inferential statistical tools. The results of the study show that maize production is dominated by educated married women (76.67%) with average age of 48 years for adopters and 51 years for non-adopters of improved maize seeds in Fako Division. Results also show that the average family size is 4 persons who rely on agricultural production as their main source of income and have been farming for an average of 17 years for adopters and 21 years for non-adopters of improved maize seed although without any training in maize production. The result of physical productivity (yield) revealed the existence of productivity gap between adopters and non-adopters with a significant (P < 0.001) positive difference of 297.7kg, in favour of adopters. In the same light, a difference in gross margin of 44,329.28 FCFA (Franc de la Communauté Financière l’Afrique) was recorded in favour of adopters of improved maize seeds. Therefore, improved maize seed can be considered as one of the empowerment tools with the potential of boosting farm productivity, increasing farmers’ income, increase food security and welfare of farmers in the long run.
Improved Maize Seeds, Adoption, Smallholder Farmers, Productivity, Performance
To cite this article
Fon Dorothy Engwali, Lema Yvette Dinga, Asafor Henry Chotangui, Comparative Analysis of Improved Maize (Zea mays L.) Seeds Adoption on Smallholder Farmers’ Performance in Fako Division, South West Region, Cameroon, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2019, pp. 267-274. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20190406.13
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), (2012). The State of Food Insecurity in the World Economic growth is necessary but not sufficient to accelerate reduction of hunger and malnutrition. Page 1-5.
Association Citoyenne de Defense des InteretsCollectifs (ACDIC), (2009). Accroître la production de maïs pour éviter la crisealimentaire–ONG locale. IRIN, the Inside story on emergencies Page 2-4.
Ministère de l’Agriculture et du Développement Rural (MINADER) (2005). Evolution des productions agricoles au Cameroun au cours de la dernièredécennie (1993/94-2003/04). Actions menéesetmesuresenvisagées. Rapport d’étude.
Ministère de l’Agricultureet du Développement Rural (MINADER) (2006). Stratégie de Développement du SecteurRural: Synthèse du volet agriculture et développement rural. Document de travail, République du Cameroun.
International Institute of Tropical Agricultural (IITA). (2007a). Maize. IITA Research to Nourish Africa. Accessed throughwww.iita.org on the 15/07/2017.
International Institute of Tropical Agricultural (IITA). (2007b). Doubling maize production in Nigeria in two years. Accessed through www.iita.org on the 15/07/2017.
International Institute of Tropical Agricultural (IITA). (2008). Increasing maize production in West Africa. Accessed through www.iita.org on the 15/07/2017.
Etoundi, S. M. and Kamgnia D. B. (2008). Determinants of the adoption of improved varieties of Maize in Cameroon: case of CMS 8704. Proceedings of the African Economic Conference., Chap. 17, pp 397-413.
Awotide D. O. and Mafouasson, H. N. (2014). Small-scale Seed production in West and Central Africa: Profitability, Constraints and Options. American Journal for Agriculture. Forest. Vol; 3, 1, 1-10.
Diagne, Alia, Wopereis, Saito, Nakelse and Seck, (2009). Impact of Rice Research on income, poverty and food security in Africa: An Ex-ante Analysis. African Rice Center Cotonou, Benin.
World Bank (WB), (2016). Cameroon-Cereal yield (kg per hectare) in Cameroon was reported at 1644 in 2016, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Page 1-2.
United State Department of Agriculture (USDA), (2017). Cameroon Corn Production by Year (1000MT). Index Mundi. https://www.indexmundi.com/agriculture/?country=cm...corn&graph=production. Chart and table showing historical data - Cameroon Corn Production by Year (1000 MT).
World Bank, (2015). Annual report of world Agricultural Gross Domestic Product (GDP) overview FAO.
Institut de RechercheAgricole pour le Développement (IRAD), (2015). Rapport Annuel D’ activites de l’Institut de Recherche Agricole pour le Développement.
Langyintuo, A. S., Mwangi, W., Diallo, A. O., MacRobert, J., Dixon, J. and Bänziger, M. (2008). An analysis of the bottlenecks affecting the production and deployment of maize seed in eastern and southern Africa. Harare, Zimbabwe, CIMMYT.112pp.
Elkhalil E, Maruod E, Elrasheid E, and Ahmed M (2012). Impact of Improved Seeds on Small Farmers Productivity, Income and Livelihood in Umruwaba Locality of North Kordofan, Sudan. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Volume 3 (6): 203-208 doi: 10.5923/j.ijaf.20130306.01.
Musa H. A., Kassahun M. G., Aemro T. and Eden A., (2017). The Impact of Improved Maize Varieties on Farm Productivity and Wellbeing: Evidence from the East Hararghe Zone of Ethiopia. Pages 9-21 | received 21 Apr 2017, Accepted 30 Oct 2017, Published online: 04 Dec 2017. Journal Development Studies Research An Open Access Journal Volume 4.
Besong Manfred, (2011). Improving Agricultural Production and Productivity of Smallholders Farmers through Increased Access to Improved Planting Materials: Evidence from Southwest Region, Cameroon. Agricultural economist Senior Research Officer.
National Geospatial Intelligence Agency and Department of Defense Combact Support Agency, (2012) report. Cvuv.cm/national/index.php/fr/carte-communale/region-du-sud/142-association/carte-administrative/sud-ouest/fako/404-buea
Abdullahi A., (2012), Comparative Economic Analysis of Rice Production by Adopters and Non-Adopters of Improved Varieties among Farmer in Paikoro Local Government Area of Niger State. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science, 20 (2).
Berihun, Bihon and Kibrom, (2014). Adoption and Impact of Agricultural Technologies on Farm Income: Evidence from Southern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics ISSN 2147-8988 Vol. 2 No. 4, pp. 91-106.
Awotide, Abdoulaye, Arega and Manyong (2015). Adoption of Drought Tolerance Maize Varieties for Africa, Productivity, Food Security and Welfare in Nigeria: An Ex-Post Impact Assessment. Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria. International Institute of Tropical Agricultural, Lilongwe, Malawi. International Institute of Tropical Agricultural, Dar Es Salam, Tanzania.
Jaza, F. A. J. (2007). The use of compost for the cultivation of foodstuff crops and vegetables in the villages surrounding Yaoundé (Cameroon): descriptive and production function approaches of analysis. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture 46, No. 3: P. 221-239.
Conte S., Fusillier J-L., (1993). Analyse économique de la filièremaïs au Cameroun. Direction des enquêtes agro-économiqueset de la planificationagricole, ministère de l'Agriculture.
Manu, I. N., Tarla, D. N., and Chefor, G. F., (2014). Effects of improved maize (Zea mays L.) varieties on household food security in the North West Region of Cameroon. Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 4 (5), pp. 265-272.
Fon D. and Edokat T. (2012): Marginalization of Women’s Role in Sub-Saharan Africa towards Crop Production: A Review, Agricultural Science Research Journals, Vol. 2 (9), pp. 499-505.
Deere, C. D. (2005). The Feminization of Agriculture? Economic Restructuring in Rural Latin America. United National Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Occasional Paper 1.
Abadi T., Damas P and MotiJaleta (2015) Factors that affect the adoption of improved maize varieties by smallholder farmers in Central Oromia, Ethiopia. Developing Country Studies Vol. 5, No. 15, Pp 50-58.
Visser, S. P., and Krosnick, J. A. (1998). Development strength over the life cycle: surge and decline. Journal of personality and social psychology, 75, 1389-1410.
Weir, S. and Knight, J. (2000). Education externalities in rural Ethiopia: evidence from average and stochastic frontier production functions. Oxford: CSAE, Mimeo.
Oyewole, S. O. and Ojeleye, O. A. (2015) Factors Influencing the Use of Improved Farm Practices among Small-Scale Farmers in Kano State of Nigeria. Net Journal of Agricultural Science, 3, 1-4.
Okoboi Geofrey (2010). Of What Merit Is Improved Inputs Use In Uganda’s Maize Productivity? Contributed Paper presented at the Joint 3rd African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE) and 48th Agricultural Economists Association of South Africa (AEASA) Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, September 19-23, 2010.
Smale Melinda, Derek Byerlee and Thom Jayne, (2013) An African Green Revolution: Maize Revolutions in Sub Saharan Africa. pp. 165-195.
Anyaegbunam H. N., Ogbonna M. C., and B. C Okoye, (2007). Comparative Economic Evaluation of Adopters And Non-Adopters of Some Selected Technologies in Abia State Nigeria. Extension Services Programme, National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike.
Browse journals by subject