Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2018, Page: 37-44
Commercialization of Cattle in the Urban Markets of Yaoundé, Center Region of Cameroon: Policy Implication for an Informal Activity
Fon Dorothy Engwali, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Abdoulay Mfewou, Department of Geography, Faculty of Letter and Social Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Hamza Moluh Njoya, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Received: Mar. 19, 2018;       Accepted: May 2, 2018;       Published: May 22, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijae.20180303.11      View  1024      Downloads  92
Abstract
This article analyzes the functioning of the Yaoundé market through an analysis of the role of the public authorities in the functioning of the Yaoundé market, the types of economic actors involved in the commercial exchanges, the sources and the supply routes of the different marketed cattle breeds, The financial analysis of the actors involved and constraints to the development of this market through a survey of the various actors was carried out. Data was collected using a questionnaire administered to 121 respondents who were selected by the multi-stage random sampling technique. The analysis of the collected data revealed that the lifting of the health barrier established between the Far North and the Great South of Cameroon against the diseases of plague, trypanosomiasis and foot-and-mouth disease plays an essential role in the development of the Yaoundé markets. Lately, it has assumed a regional economic importance since it hosts not only the animals of North Cameroon but also those of the Central African Republic. Not according to their race or their geographical origin, the commercial value of the animals is appreciated according to their life weight, or their morphology. The financial analysis of the actors shows that this activity is profitable. However, the gross margin generated by the big butchers (52,700 CFA francs / beef) and the small butchers (43,500 CFA / leg of 64 kg) were the most interesting. Although the market has become a supply hub for some major cities of Cameroon (Douala) and the Central African Sub Region (Libreville and Malabo), it suffers from infrastructural difficulties and a lack of transfer of competence through decentralization.
Keywords
Cattle, Commercialization, Policy, Urban-Yaoundé
To cite this article
Fon Dorothy Engwali, Abdoulay Mfewou, Hamza Moluh Njoya, Commercialization of Cattle in the Urban Markets of Yaoundé, Center Region of Cameroon: Policy Implication for an Informal Activity, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2018, pp. 37-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20180303.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Mfewou A., Njoya A., OyepEngola J., 2016a. Globalization, variability of the business of cattle and the beef in Central Africa. European Universities Editions.
[2]
Boutrais, J., Herrera, J., Bopda, A. (1992) Cattle, naira and CFA franc, a cross-border flow between Nigeria and Cameroon. 12 p.
[3]
Awa, D. N., Njoya, A., Mopate, Y. L., Ndomadji, J. A., Onana, J., Awa, A. A.,... and Maho, A. (2004). Constraints, opportunities and evolution of livestock breeding systems in the semi-arid Central African region. Cahiers Agricultures, 13 (4), 331-340.
[4]
Djamen P. N.., 2008. Territory, marketing channel and time: modalities and stakes of commercial insertion oflivestock farming systems in North Cameroon. Thesis; 296p.
[5]
Duvergé., 2006. What future for the sector beef of Senegal? Study of the long circuit of the sector, Tambacounda to Dakar. 105p.
[6]
Kadekoy-Tigague, D. (2001). Cattle Marketing in Central African Savannahs: realities and prospects. ICRA/PRASAC, 50.
[7]
Kadekoy Tigague D., 2008. Cattle marketing in Central African Republic: Trans-border frontier dynamics, Bangui, Central African Republic, CIRAD-PRASAC 25p.
[8]
Ministry of the Breeding of Peach and the Animal Industries (MINEPIA). 2013, Contribution of the beef to the Cameroonian economy. 6p.
[9]
Mfewou A., Boutrais J. et Poutougnigni Y 2016b. Dynamics and Constraints of Ticket-Foumban livestock market development in the West of Cameroon. Canadian Review of Tropical Geography Vol. 3 (2): 43-52.
[10]
Ministry of the Breeding of Fishing and the Animal Industries ( MINEPIA), on 2009 in Master plan for the development of the sectors of the breeding in Cameroon. Flight 2: mapping of the sectors, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
[11]
Duteurtre G., MianOudanang K., Timothee E., Kadekoy-Tigague D., 2003. Cattle Marketing in Central African Savannahs: realities and prospects. CIRAD - PRASAC, 7 p.
[12]
Kadekoy-Tigague D., 2003. Profitability and dynamics of live cattle trade in Central African Republic, ICRA-PRASAC 25p.
Browse journals by subject