Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2017, Page: 63-68
Economic Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on the Yield of Maize in Oyo State, Nigeria
Adelomo Bosede Sekumade, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Services, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
Received: Mar. 10, 2017;       Accepted: Mar. 24, 2017;       Published: Apr. 14, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijae.20170203.13      View  1589      Downloads  111
Abstract
The study analyzed the economic effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the yield of maize in Oyo State, Nigeria. The study used purposive sampling techniques and data were collected from one-hundred and twenty maize farmers through a well- structured questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics like multinomial logit regression and budgetary technique analysis. Results from descriptive analysis showed that 76.70% of the maize farmers were male while 78.90% were above 50 years old. The results further revealed that 66.70% of the farmers were married while 40.00% had secondary education and above. Majority (83.4%) of the respondents had about at least 5 members that constitute the household in the study area. It was revealed from the results that 90% of the farmers interviewed chose farming as their primary occupation. Also, 54.2% of the farmers had at least 4 hectares of farm size while 53.3 % of them had at most 21 years of farming experience. The determinants of choice for organic fertilizers were educational level, access to loan, access to extension contact, primary occupation and farm size, the determinants of choice for inorganic fertilizers were found to be educational level, primary occupation, farming experience, membership of cooperative and farm size. From the costs and returns breakdown of organic fertilizers users in the study area, the cost ratio showed that an inorganic farmer user that invested ₦1 realized ₦1.59 as revenue or gained ₦0.59k on each Naira expended, while an organic farmer user that invested ₦1 realized ₦1.67 as revenue or gained ₦0.67k on each Naira expended. If inorganic fertilizer will be difficult to access by farmers, then government must encourage farmers to use the organic type due to its cheapness and availability. It is therefore recommended that government should embark on moves that will encourage youths’ involvement in maize production and prevent the fertilizer subsidy program from going into extinction.
Keywords
Maize Farmers, Organic Fertilizers, Inorganic Fertilizers, Multinomial Logit, Budgetary Technique Analysis
To cite this article
Adelomo Bosede Sekumade, Economic Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on the Yield of Maize in Oyo State, Nigeria, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 63-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20170203.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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