Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2017, Page: 42-49
Education Status of the Farmer and the Probability of Getting Extension Service: An Endeavour Toward the Sustainable Agriculture in Bangladesh
Noor-E-Sabiha, Department of Economics, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Md. Elias Hossain, Department of Economics, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Received: Mar. 14, 2017;       Accepted: Mar. 24, 2017;       Published: Apr. 4, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijae.20170202.13      View  1686      Downloads  94
The study measures the probability of receiving agricultural extension services with respect to the level of farmers’ rudimentary literacy, primary and secondary level of education, by utilizing survey data from 18 Unions in three agro-ecological regions of Northern Bangladesh. The econometric analysis is based on the application of qualitative response approach, the Logit model, explaining the probability of the educated farmers’ agricultural extension contact for improving their knowledge regarding input utilization and resource allocation decision. Application and utilization of farm inputs, involved in modern agriculture, such as chemical fertilizer, pesticide, irrigation, mechanized power tillers etc, requires intensive supervision, understandings, awareness and overall technological training supplied by the agricultural extension services. The study, therefore, reveals that the farmers with comparatively higher level of education generally keep a frequent contact with the agriculture extension service center for the betterment of their yield and the conservation of their fixed inputs like land and water than the other farmers possessing a lower level of educational status. Therefore, efforts to raise farmers’ educational status are expected to boost up productivity accruing from an environment friendly modern agriculture.
Agricultural Extension Service, Farmers’ Rudimentary Education, Education Status, Environmental Awareness, Sustainable Agriculture
To cite this article
Noor-E-Sabiha, Md. Elias Hossain, Education Status of the Farmer and the Probability of Getting Extension Service: An Endeavour Toward the Sustainable Agriculture in Bangladesh, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 42-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20170202.13
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Pingali, P. L. and Rosegrant, M. W. (1994), Confronting the Environmental Consequences of the Green Revolution in Asia, Environment and Production Technology Division, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, No. 2, EPTD Discussion Paper.
Heyneman, S. P. (1983), Improving the quality of education in developing countries. Finance and Development, 20 (1).
Rana, M. P. (2007), Environmental Considerations of Urban Agriculture: A Case of Rajshahi City, Bangladesh, The Journal of Geo-Environment, 6.
Rahman, S. (2004), Environmental Impacts of Technological Change in Bangladesh Agriculture: Farmers’ Perceptions, Determinants, and Effects on Resource Allocation Decisions, Agricultural Economics, 33.
Dev, U. K. and Hossain, M. (1995), Farmers’ Education, Modern Technology and Technical Efficiency of Rice Growers, Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Economics, 18 (2).
Sabiha, N. E. and Hossain, E. (2010), Does Agriculture Harm the Environment? A Study Based on Farmers’ Perceptions in Rajshahi District of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Economic Studies, 12, Department of Economics, Rajshahi University, Bangladesh, ISSN 05261662.
World Bank, (2008), Bangladesh: Priorities for Agriculture and Rural Development, Agriculture in South Asia.
Davis, K. and Place, N. (2003), Current Concepts and Approaches in Agricultural Extension in Kenya’. Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference of AIAEE. Raleigh, North Carolina, USA: 745 – 756.
FAO (2001), Farmer Innovation and New Technology Options for Food Production, Income Generation and Combating Desertificatio, (KEN/99/200). Progress Report - 2001: Nairobi, Kenya. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Rizwana, and Thelma, R. (2009), Knowledge Level of Paddy Growers Regarding Improved Practices of Paddy Cultivation in Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India, International Journal of Rural Studies (IJRS), 16 (1), ISSN 1023–2001.
Lichtenberg, E. and Zimmerman, R. (1999), Information and Farmers’ Attitudes About Pesticides, Water Quality, and Related Environmental Effects, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 73(3).
Ayanwuyi, E. and Zaka, K. O. (2011), Analysis of Extension Service Needs of Women Cassava Farmers in Akinyele Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Agricultural Economics 5 (1).
Parveen, S. (2005), Impact of Pesticides on the Environment: Perceptions, Knowledge and Use Practices of the Rice Farmers of Japan and Bangladesh, Nobukazu Nakagoshi, Hiroshima University, Japan.
Rahman, M. and Moral, J. B. (2007), Perception on Agricultural Inputs and Environmental Degradation, The Journal of Geo-Environment, 6.
Maffioli, A., Ubfal, D., Baré, G. V. and Cerdán-Infantes, P. (2011), Extension Services, Product Quality and Yields: the Case of Grapes in Argentina. Agricultural Economics, 42.
Koyenikan, M. J. (2008), Issues for Agricultural Extension Policy in Nigeria’, Journal of Agricultural Extension, 12 (2).
Buck, S. and Alwang, J. (2011), Agricultural Extension, Trust, and Learning: Results from Economic Experiments in Ecuador’, Agricultural Economics, 42.
Dinar, A., Karagiannis, G., and Tzouvelekas, V. (2007), Evaluating the Impact of Agricultural Extension on Farms’ Performance in Crete: A Nonneutral Stochastic Frontier Approach, Agricultural Economics, 36.
Joseph, U. A. (2000), Agricultural Research–Extension Linkage Systems: An International Perspective. Agricultural Research& Extension Network.
Larry, D. T. and Whitaker, B. S. (2000), Educational Needs and Perceptions of Iowa Beginning Farmers Toward their Education, Journal of Agricultural Education. 41 (1).
Madukwe, C. M. (2006), Delivery of Agricultural Extension Services to Farmers in Developing Countries, Participatory Approaches in PARD/ARD Articles.
Nguyen, T. and Cheng, E. (1997), Productivity gain from farmers education in Chaina,The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 41(4).
Browse journals by subject